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XmlParser.java

// XmlParser.java: the main parser class.
// NO WARRANTY! See README, and copyright below.
// $Id: XmlParser.java 14583 2009-02-06 05:38:53Z ezust $

package com.microstar.xml;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.EOFException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Stack;


/**
  * Parse XML documents and return parse events through call-backs.
  * <p>You need to define a class implementing the <code>XmlHandler</code>
  * interface: an object belonging to this class will receive the
  * callbacks for the events.  (As an alternative to implementing
  * the full XmlHandler interface, you can simply extend the 
  * <code>HandlerBase</code> convenience class.)
  * <p>Usage (assuming that <code>MyHandler</code> is your implementation
  * of the <code>XmlHandler</code> interface):
  * <pre>
  * XmlHandler handler = new MyHandler();
  * XmlParser parser = new XmlParser();
  * parser.setHandler(handler);
  * try {
  *   parser.parse("http://www.host.com/doc.xml", null);
  * } catch (Exception e) {
  *   [do something interesting]
  * }
  * </pre>
  * @author Copyright (c) 1997, 1998 by Microstar Software Ltd.
  * @author Written by David Megginson &lt;dmeggins@microstar.com&gt;
  * @version 1.1
  * @deprecated use org.xml.sax.XMLReader
  */
00042 public class XmlParser {

  //
  // Use special cheats that speed up the code (currently about 50%),
  // but may cause problems with future maintenance and add to the
  // class file size (about 500 bytes).
  //
  private final static boolean USE_CHEATS = true;



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Constructors.
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Construct a new parser with no associated handler.
    * @see #setHandler
    * @see #parse
    */
00063   public XmlParser ()
  {
  }


  /**
    * Set the handler that will receive parsing events.
    * @param handler The handler to receive callback events.
    * @see #parse
    * @see XmlHandler
    */
00074   public void setHandler (XmlHandler handler)
  {
    this.handler = handler;
  }


  /**
    * Parse an XML document from a URI.
    * <p>You may parse a document more than once, but only one thread
    * may call this method for an object at one time.
    * @param systemId The URI of the document.
    * @param publicId The public identifier of the document, or null.
    * @param encoding The suggested encoding, or null if unknown.
    * @exception java.lang.Exception Any exception thrown by your
    *            own handlers, or any derivation of java.io.IOException
    *            thrown by the parser itself.
    */
00091   public void parse (String systemId, String publicId, String encoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    doParse(systemId, publicId, null, null, encoding);
  }


  /**
    * Parse an XML document from a byte stream.
    * <p>The URI that you supply will become the base URI for
    * resolving relative links, but &AElig;lfred will actually read
    * the document from the supplied input stream.
    * <p>You may parse a document more than once, but only one thread
    * may call this method for an object at one time.
    * @param systemId The base URI of the document, or null if not
    *                 known.
    * @param publicId The public identifier of the document, or null
    *                 if not known.
    * @param stream A byte input stream.
    * @param encoding The suggested encoding, or null if unknown.
    * @exception java.lang.Exception Any exception thrown by your
    *            own handlers, or any derivation of java.io.IOException
    *            thrown by the parser itself.
    */
00115   public void parse (String systemId, String publicId,
                 InputStream stream, String encoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    doParse(systemId, publicId, null, stream, encoding);
  }


  /**
    * Parse an XML document from a character stream.
    * <p>The URI that you supply will become the base URI for
    * resolving relative links, but &AElig;lfred will actually read
    * the document from the supplied input stream.
    * <p>You may parse a document more than once, but only one thread
    * may call this method for an object at one time.
    * @param systemId The base URI of the document, or null if not
    *                 known.
    * @param publicId The public identifier of the document, or null
    *                 if not known.
    * @param reader A character stream.
    * @exception java.lang.Exception Any exception thrown by your
    *            own handlers, or any derivation of java.io.IOException
    *            thrown by the parser itself.
    */
00139   public void parse (String systemId, String publicId, Reader reader)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    doParse(systemId, publicId, reader, null, null);
  }


  private synchronized void doParse (String systemId, String publicId,
                             Reader reader, InputStream stream,
                             String encoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    basePublicId = publicId;
    baseURI = systemId;
    baseReader = reader;
    baseInputStream = stream;

    initializeVariables();

                        // Set the default entities here.
    setInternalEntity(intern("amp"), "&#38;");
    setInternalEntity(intern("lt"), "&#60;");
    setInternalEntity(intern("gt"), "&#62;");
    setInternalEntity(intern("apos"), "&#39;");
    setInternalEntity(intern("quot"), "&#34;");

    if (handler != null) {
      handler.startDocument();
    }

    pushURL("[document]", basePublicId, baseURI, baseReader, baseInputStream,
          encoding);

    parseDocument();

    if (handler != null) {
      handler.endDocument();
    }
    cleanupVariables();
  }



  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Constants.
  ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  //
  // Constants for element content type.
  //

  /**
    * Constant: an element has not been declared.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
00194   public final static int CONTENT_UNDECLARED = 0;

  /**
    * Constant: the element has a content model of ANY.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
00200   public final static int CONTENT_ANY = 1;

  /**
    * Constant: the element has declared content of EMPTY.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
00206   public final static int CONTENT_EMPTY = 2;

  /**
    * Constant: the element has mixed content.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
00212   public final static int CONTENT_MIXED = 3;

  /**
    * Constant: the element has element content.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
00218   public final static int CONTENT_ELEMENTS = 4;


  //
  // Constants for the entity type.
  //

  /**
    * Constant: the entity has not been declared.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
00229   public final static int ENTITY_UNDECLARED = 0;

  /**
    * Constant: the entity is internal.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
00235   public final static int ENTITY_INTERNAL = 1;

  /**
    * Constant: the entity is external, non-XML data.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
00241   public final static int ENTITY_NDATA = 2;

  /**
    * Constant: the entity is external XML data.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
00247   public final static int ENTITY_TEXT = 3;


  //
  // Constants for attribute type.
  //

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute has not been declared for this element type.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00258   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_UNDECLARED = 0;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a string value.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00264   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_CDATA = 1;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a unique identifier.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00270   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_ID = 2;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a reference to a unique identifier.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00276   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_IDREF = 3;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a list of ID references.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00282   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_IDREFS = 4;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is the name of an entity.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00288   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_ENTITY = 5;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a list of entity names.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00294   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_ENTITIES = 6;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a name token.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00300   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKEN = 7;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a list of name tokens.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00306   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKENS = 8;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute value is a token from an enumeration.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00312   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATED = 9;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute is the name of a notation.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    */
00318   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION = 10;


  //
  // When the class is loaded, populate the hash table of
  // attribute types.
  //

  /**
    * Hash table of attribute types.
    */
00329   private static Hashtable attributeTypeHash;
  static {
    attributeTypeHash = new Hashtable();
    attributeTypeHash.put("CDATA", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_CDATA));
    attributeTypeHash.put("ID", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_ID));
    attributeTypeHash.put("IDREF", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_IDREF));
    attributeTypeHash.put("IDREFS", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_IDREFS));
    attributeTypeHash.put("ENTITY", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_ENTITY));
    attributeTypeHash.put("ENTITIES", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_ENTITIES));
    attributeTypeHash.put("NMTOKEN", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKEN));
    attributeTypeHash.put("NMTOKENS", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKENS));
    attributeTypeHash.put("NOTATION", new Integer(ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION));
  }


  //
  // Constants for supported encodings.
  //
  private final static int ENCODING_UTF_8 = 1;
  private final static int ENCODING_ISO_8859_1 = 2;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_2_12 = 3;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_2_21 = 4;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_4_1234 = 5;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_4_4321 = 6;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_4_2143 = 7;
  private final static int ENCODING_UCS_4_3412 = 8;


  //
  // Constants for attribute default value.
  //

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute is not declared.
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    */
00365   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_UNDECLARED = 0;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute has a literal default value specified.
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValue
    */
00372   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_SPECIFIED = 1;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute was declared #IMPLIED.
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    */
00378   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_IMPLIED = 2;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute was declared #REQUIRED.
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    */
00384   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_REQUIRED = 3;

  /**
    * Constant: the attribute was declared #FIXED.
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValue
    */
00391   public final static int ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_FIXED = 4;


  //
  // Constants for input.
  //
  private final static int INPUT_NONE = 0;
  private final static int INPUT_INTERNAL = 1;
  private final static int INPUT_EXTERNAL = 2;
  private final static int INPUT_STREAM = 3;
  private final static int INPUT_BUFFER = 4;
  private final static int INPUT_READER = 5;


  //
  // Flags for reading literals.
  //
  private final static int LIT_CHAR_REF = 1;
  private final static int LIT_ENTITY_REF = 2;
  private final static int LIT_PE_REF = 4;
  private final static int LIT_NORMALIZE = 8;


  //
  // Flags for parsing context.
  //
  private final static int CONTEXT_NONE = 0;
  private final static int CONTEXT_DTD = 1;
  private final static int CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE = 2;
  private final static int CONTEXT_ATTRIBUTEVALUE = 3;



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Error reporting.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Report an error.
    * @param message The error message.
    * @param textFound The text that caused the error (or null).
    * @see XmlHandler#error
    * @see #line
    */
00436   void error (String message, String textFound, String textExpected)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    errorCount++;
    if (textFound != null) {
      message = message + " (found \"" + textFound + "\")";
    }
    if (textExpected != null) {
      message = message + " (expected \"" + textExpected + "\")";
    }
    if (handler != null) {
      String uri = null;

      if (externalEntity != null) {
      uri = externalEntity.getURL().toString();
      }
      handler.error(message, uri, line, column);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Report a serious error.
    * @param message The error message.
    * @param textFound The text that caused the error (or null).
    */
00462   void error (String message, char textFound, String textExpected)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    error(message, new Character(textFound).toString(), textExpected);
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Major syntactic productions.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Parse an XML document.
    * <pre>
    * [1] document ::= prolog element Misc*
    * </pre>
    * <p>This is the top-level parsing function for a single XML
    * document.  As a minimum, a well-formed document must have
    * a document element, and a valid document must have a prolog
    * as well.
    */
00485   void parseDocument ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    char c;

    parseProlog();
    require('<');
    parseElement();
    try
      {
      parseMisc();  //skip all white, PIs, and comments
      c=readCh();   //if this doesn't throw an exception...
      error("unexpected characters after document end",c,null);
      }
    catch (EOFException e)
      {return;}
    }


  /**
    * Skip a comment.
    * <pre>
    * [18] Comment ::= '&lt;!--' ((Char - '-') | ('-' (Char - '-')))* "-->"
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The <code>&lt;!--</code> has already been read.)
    */
00511   void parseComment ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    skipUntil("-->");
  }


  /**
    * Parse a processing instruction and do a call-back.
    * <pre>
    * [19] PI ::= '&lt;?' Name (S (Char* - (Char* '?&gt;' Char*)))? '?&gt;'
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The <code>&lt;?</code> has already been read.)
    * <p>An XML processing instruction <em>must</em> begin with
    * a Name, which is the instruction's target.
    */
00527   void parsePI ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;

    name = readNmtoken(true);
    if (!tryRead("?>")) {
      requireWhitespace();
      parseUntil("?>");
    }
    if (handler != null) {
      handler.processingInstruction(name, dataBufferToString());
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse a CDATA marked section.
    * <pre>
    * [20] CDSect ::= CDStart CData CDEnd
    * [21] CDStart ::= '&lt;![CDATA['
    * [22] CData ::= (Char* - (Char* ']]&gt;' Char*))
    * [23] CDEnd ::= ']]&gt;'
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The '&lt;![CDATA[' has already been read.)
    * <p>Note that this just appends characters to the dataBuffer,
    * without actually generating an event.
    */
00555   void parseCDSect ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    parseUntil("]]>");
  }


  /**
    * Parse the prolog of an XML document.
    * <pre>
    * [24] prolog ::= XMLDecl? Misc* (Doctypedecl Misc*)?
    * </pre>
    * <p>There are a couple of tricks here.  First, it is necessary to
    * declare the XML default attributes after the DTD (if present)
    * has been read.  Second, it is not possible to expand general
    * references in attribute value literals until after the entire
    * DTD (if present) has been parsed.
    * <p>We do not look for the XML declaration here, because it is
    * handled by pushURL().
    * @see pushURL
    */
00576   void parseProlog ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    parseMisc();

    if (tryRead("<!DOCTYPE")) {
      parseDoctypedecl();
      parseMisc();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse the XML declaration.
    * <pre>
    * [25] XMLDecl ::= '&lt;?xml' VersionInfo EncodingDecl? SDDecl? S? '?&gt;'
    * [26] VersionInfo ::= S 'version' Eq ('"1.0"' | "'1.0'")
    * [33] SDDecl ::= S 'standalone' Eq "'" ('yes' | 'no') "'"
    *               | S 'standalone' Eq '"' ("yes" | "no") '"'
    * [78] EncodingDecl ::= S 'encoding' Eq QEncoding
    * </pre>
    * <p>([80] to [82] are also significant.)
    * <p>(The <code>&lt;?xml</code> and whitespace have already been read.)
    * <p>TODO: validate value of standalone.
    * @see #parseTextDecl
    * @see #checkEncoding
    */
00603   void parseXMLDecl (boolean ignoreEncoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String version;
    String encodingName = null;
    String standalone = null;

                        // Read the version.
    require("version");
    parseEq();
    version = readLiteral(0);
    if (!version.equals("1.0")) {
      error("unsupported XML version", version, "1.0");
    }

                        // Try reading an encoding declaration.
    skipWhitespace();
    if (tryRead("encoding")) {
      parseEq();
      encodingName = readLiteral(0);
      checkEncoding(encodingName, ignoreEncoding);
    }

                        // Try reading a standalone declaration
    skipWhitespace();
    if (tryRead("standalone")) {
      parseEq();
      standalone = readLiteral(0);
    }

    skipWhitespace();
    require("?>");
  }


  /**
    * Parse the Encoding PI.
    * <pre>
    * [78] EncodingDecl ::= S 'encoding' Eq QEncoding
    * [79] EncodingPI ::= '&lt;?xml' S 'encoding' Eq QEncoding S? '?&gt;'
    * [80] QEncoding ::= '"' Encoding '"' | "'" Encoding "'"
    * [81] Encoding ::= LatinName
    * [82] LatinName ::= [A-Za-z] ([A-Za-z0-9._] | '-')*
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The <code>&lt;?xml</code>' and whitespace have already been read.)
    * @see #parseXMLDecl
    * @see #checkEncoding
    */
00651   void parseTextDecl (boolean ignoreEncoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String encodingName = null;
    
                        // Read an optional version.
    if (tryRead("version")) {
      String version;
      parseEq();
      version = readLiteral(0);
      if (!version.equals("1.0")) {
      error("unsupported XML version", version, "1.0");
      }
      requireWhitespace();
    }
      

                        // Read the encoding.
    require("encoding");
    parseEq();
    encodingName = readLiteral(0);
    checkEncoding(encodingName, ignoreEncoding);

    skipWhitespace();
    require("?>");
  }


  /**
    * Check that the encoding specified makes sense.
    * <p>Compare what the author has specified in the XML declaration
    * or encoding PI with what we have detected.
    * <p>This is also important for distinguishing among the various
    * 7- and 8-bit encodings, such as ISO-LATIN-1 (I cannot autodetect
    * those).
    * @param encodingName The name of the encoding specified by the user.
    * @see #parseXMLDecl
    * @see #parseTextDecl
    */
00690   void checkEncoding (String encodingName, boolean ignoreEncoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    encodingName = encodingName.toUpperCase();

    if (ignoreEncoding) {
      return;
    }

    switch (encoding) {
                        // 8-bit encodings
    case ENCODING_UTF_8:
      if (encodingName.equals("ISO-8859-1")) {
      encoding = ENCODING_ISO_8859_1;
      } else if (!encodingName.equals("UTF-8")) {
      error("unsupported 8-bit encoding",
            encodingName,
            "UTF-8 or ISO-8859-1");
      }
      break;
                        // 16-bit encodings
    case ENCODING_UCS_2_12:
    case ENCODING_UCS_2_21:
      if (!encodingName.equals("ISO-10646-UCS-2") &&
        !encodingName.equals("UTF-16")) {
      error("unsupported 16-bit encoding",
            encodingName,
            "ISO-10646-UCS-2");
      }
      break;
                        // 32-bit encodings
    case ENCODING_UCS_4_1234:
    case ENCODING_UCS_4_4321:
    case ENCODING_UCS_4_2143:
    case ENCODING_UCS_4_3412:
      if (!encodingName.equals("ISO-10646-UCS-4")) {
      error("unsupported 32-bit encoding",
            encodingName,
            "ISO-10646-UCS-4");
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse miscellaneous markup outside the document element and DOCTYPE
    * declaration.
    * <pre>
    * [27] Misc ::= Comment | PI | S
    * </pre>
    */
00741   void parseMisc ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    while (true)
      {
      skipWhitespace();
      if (tryRead("<?"))
        {parsePI();}
      else if (tryRead("<!--"))
        {parseComment();}
      else
        {return;}
      }
    }


  /**
    * Parse a document type declaration.
    * <pre>
    * [28] doctypedecl ::= '&lt;!DOCTYPE' S Name (S ExternalID)? S?
    *                      ('[' %markupdecl* ']' S?)? '&gt;'
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The <code>&lt;!DOCTYPE</code> has already been read.)
    */
00765   void parseDoctypedecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    String doctypeName, ids[];

                        // Read the document type name.
    requireWhitespace();
    doctypeName = readNmtoken(true);

                        // Read the ExternalIDs.
    skipWhitespace();
    ids = readExternalIds(false);

                        // Look for a declaration subset.
    skipWhitespace();
    if (tryRead('[')) {

                        // loop until the subset ends
      while (true) {
      context = CONTEXT_DTD;
      skipWhitespace();
      context = CONTEXT_NONE;
      if (tryRead(']')) {
        break;          // end of subset
      } else {
        context = CONTEXT_DTD;
        parseMarkupdecl();
        context = CONTEXT_NONE;
      }
      }
    }

                        // Read the external subset, if any
    if (ids[1] != null) {
      pushURL("[external subset]", ids[0], ids[1], null, null, null);

                        // Loop until we end up back at '>'
      while (true) {
      context = CONTEXT_DTD;
      skipWhitespace();
      context = CONTEXT_NONE;
      if (tryRead('>')) {
        break;
      } else {
        context = CONTEXT_DTD;
        parseMarkupdecl();
        context = CONTEXT_NONE;
      }
      }
    } else {
                        // No external subset.
      skipWhitespace();
      require('>');
    }

    if (handler != null) {
      handler.doctypeDecl(doctypeName, ids[0], ids[1]);
    }

                        // Expand general entities in
                        // default values of attributes.
                        // (Do this after the doctypeDecl
                        // event!).
    // expandAttributeDefaultValues();
  }


  /**
    * Parse a markup declaration in the internal or external DTD subset.
    * <pre>
    * [29] markupdecl ::= ( %elementdecl | %AttlistDecl | %EntityDecl |
    *                       %NotationDecl | %PI | %S | %Comment |
    *                       InternalPERef )
    * [30] InternalPERef ::= PEReference
    * [31] extSubset ::= (%markupdecl | %conditionalSect)*
    * </pre>
    */
00843   void parseMarkupdecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    if (tryRead("<!ELEMENT")) {
      parseElementdecl();
    } else if (tryRead("<!ATTLIST")) {
      parseAttlistDecl();
    } else if (tryRead("<!ENTITY")) {
      parseEntityDecl();
    } else if (tryRead("<!NOTATION")) {
      parseNotationDecl();
    } else if (tryRead("<?")) {
      parsePI();
    } else if (tryRead("<!--")) {
      parseComment();
    } else if (tryRead("<![")) {
      parseConditionalSect();
    } else {
      error("expected markup declaration", null, null);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse an element, with its tags.
    * <pre>
    * [33] STag ::= '&lt;' Name (S Attribute)* S? '&gt;' [WFC: unique Att spec]
    * [38] element ::= EmptyElement | STag content ETag
    * [39] EmptyElement ::= '&lt;' Name (S Attribute)* S? '/&gt;'
    *                       [WFC: unique Att spec]
    * </pre>
    * <p>(The '&lt;' has already been read.)
    * <p>NOTE: this method actually chains onto parseContent(), if necessary,
    * and parseContent() will take care of calling parseETag().
    */
00878   void parseElement ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String gi;
    char c;
    int oldElementContent = currentElementContent;
    String oldElement = currentElement;

                        // This is the (global) counter for the
                        // array of specified attributes.
    tagAttributePos = 0;

                        // Read the element type name.
    gi = readNmtoken(true);

                        // Determine the current content type.
    currentElement = gi;
    currentElementContent = getElementContentType(gi);
    if (currentElementContent == CONTENT_UNDECLARED) {
      currentElementContent = CONTENT_ANY;
    }

                        // Read the attributes, if any.
                        // After this loop, we should be just
                        // in front of the closing delimiter.
    skipWhitespace();
    c = readCh();
    while (c != '/' && c != '>') {
      unread(c);
      parseAttribute(gi);
      skipWhitespace();
      c = readCh();
    }
    unread(c);

                        // Supply any defaulted attributes.
    Enumeration atts = declaredAttributes(gi);
    if (atts != null) {
      String aname;
    loop: while (atts.hasMoreElements()) {
      aname = (String)atts.nextElement();
                        // See if it was specified.
      for (int i = 0; i < tagAttributePos; i++) {
      if (tagAttributes[i] == aname) {
        continue loop;
      }
      }
                        // I guess not...
      if (handler != null) {
      handler.attribute(aname,
                    getAttributeExpandedValue(gi, aname),
                    false);
      }
    }
    }

                        // Figure out if this is a start tag
                        // or an empty element, and dispatch an
                        // event accordingly.
    c = readCh();
    switch (c) {
    case '>':
      if (handler != null) {
      handler.startElement(gi);
      }
      parseContent();
      break;
    case '/':
      require('>');
      if (handler != null) {
      handler.startElement(gi);
      handler.endElement(gi);
      }
      break;
    }

                        // Restore the previous state.
    currentElement = oldElement;
    currentElementContent = oldElementContent;
  }


  /**
    * Parse an attribute assignment.
    * <pre>
    * [34] Attribute ::= Name Eq AttValue
    * </pre>
    * @param name The name of the attribute's element.
    * @see XmlHandler#attribute
    */
00968   void parseAttribute (String name)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String aname;
    int type;
    String value;

                        // Read the attribute name.
    aname = readNmtoken(true).intern();
    type = getAttributeDefaultValueType(name, aname);

                        // Parse '='
    parseEq();

                        // Read the value, normalizing whitespace
                        // if it is not CDATA.
    if (type == ATTRIBUTE_CDATA || type == ATTRIBUTE_UNDECLARED) {
      value = readLiteral(LIT_CHAR_REF | LIT_ENTITY_REF);
    } else {
      value = readLiteral(LIT_CHAR_REF | LIT_ENTITY_REF | LIT_NORMALIZE);
    }

                        // Inform the handler about the
                        // attribute.
    if (handler != null) {
      handler.attribute(aname, value, true);
    }
    dataBufferPos = 0;

                        // Note that the attribute has been
                        // specified.
    if (tagAttributePos == tagAttributes.length) {
      String newAttrib[] = new String[tagAttributes.length * 2];
      System.arraycopy(tagAttributes, 0, newAttrib, 0, tagAttributePos);
      tagAttributes = newAttrib;
    }
    tagAttributes[tagAttributePos++] = aname;
  }


  /**
    * Parse an equals sign surrounded by optional whitespace.
    * [35] Eq ::= S? '=' S?
    */
01012   void parseEq ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    skipWhitespace();
    require('=');
    skipWhitespace();
  }


  /**
    * Parse an end tag.
    * [36] ETag ::= '</' Name S? '>'
    * *NOTE: parseContent() chains to here.
    */
01026   void parseETag ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;
    name = readNmtoken(true);
    if (name != currentElement) {
      error("mismatched end tag", name, currentElement);
    }
    skipWhitespace();
    require('>');
    if (handler != null) {
      handler.endElement(name);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse the content of an element.
    * [37] content ::= (element | PCData | Reference | CDSect | PI | Comment)*
    * [68] Reference ::= EntityRef | CharRef
    */
01047   void parseContent ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String data;
    char c;

    while (true) {

      switch (currentElementContent) {
      case CONTENT_ANY:
      case CONTENT_MIXED:
      parsePCData();
      break;
      case CONTENT_ELEMENTS:
      parseWhitespace();
      break;
      }

                        // Handle delimiters
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {

      case '&':               // Found "&"
      c = readCh();
      if (c == '#') {
        parseCharRef();
      } else {
        unread(c);
        parseEntityRef(true);
      }
      break;

      case '<':               // Found "<"

      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {

      case '!':         // Found "<!"
        c = readCh();
        switch (c) {
        case '-':       // Found "<!-"
          require('-');
          parseComment();
          break;
        case '[':       // Found "<!["
          require("CDATA[");
          parseCDSect();
          break;
        default:
          error("expected comment or CDATA section", c, null);
          break;
        }
        break;

      case '?':         // Found "<?"
        dataBufferFlush();
        parsePI();
        break;

      case '/':         // Found "</"
        dataBufferFlush();
        parseETag();
        return;

      default:          // Found "<" followed by something else
        dataBufferFlush();
        unread(c);
        parseElement();
        break;
      }
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse an element type declaration.
    * [40] elementdecl ::= '<!ELEMENT' S %Name S (%S S)? %contentspec S? '>'
    *                      [VC: Unique Element Declaration]
    * *NOTE: the '<!ELEMENT' has already been read.
    */
01128   void parseElementdecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;

    requireWhitespace();
                        // Read the element type name.
    name = readNmtoken(true);

    requireWhitespace();
                        // Read the content model.
    parseContentspec(name);

    skipWhitespace();
    require('>');
  }


  /**
    * Content specification.
    * [41] contentspec ::= 'EMPTY' | 'ANY' | Mixed | elements
    */
01150   void parseContentspec (String name)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    if (tryRead("EMPTY")) {
      setElement(name, CONTENT_EMPTY, null, null);
      return;
    } else if (tryRead("ANY")) {
      setElement(name, CONTENT_ANY, null, null);
      return;
    } else {
      require('(');
      dataBufferAppend('(');
      skipWhitespace();
      if (tryRead("#PCDATA")) {
      dataBufferAppend("#PCDATA");
      parseMixed();
      setElement(name, CONTENT_MIXED, dataBufferToString(), null);
      } else {
      parseElements();
      setElement(name, CONTENT_ELEMENTS, dataBufferToString(), null);
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse an element-content model.
    * [42] elements ::= (choice | seq) ('?' | '*' | '+')?
    * [44] cps ::= S? %cp S?
    * [45] choice ::= '(' S? %ctokplus (S? '|' S? %ctoks)* S? ')'
    * [46] ctokplus ::= cps ('|' cps)+
    * [47] ctoks ::= cps ('|' cps)*
    * [48] seq ::= '(' S? %stoks (S? ',' S? %stoks)* S? ')'
    * [49] stoks ::= cps (',' cps)*
    * *NOTE: the opening '(' and S have already been read.
    * *TODO: go over parameter entity boundaries more carefully.
    */
01187   void parseElements ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    char sep;

                        // Parse the first content particle
    skipWhitespace();
    parseCp();

                        // Check for end or for a separator.
    skipWhitespace();
    c = readCh();
    switch (c) {
    case ')':
      dataBufferAppend(')');
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '*':
      case '+':
      case '?':
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      break;
      default:
      unread(c);
      }
      return;
    case ',':                 // Register the separator.
    case '|':
      sep = c;
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      break;
    default:
      error("bad separator in content model", c, null);
      return;
    }

                        // Parse the rest of the content model.
    while (true) {
      skipWhitespace();
      parseCp();
      skipWhitespace();
      c = readCh();
      if (c == ')') {
      dataBufferAppend(')');
      break;
      } else if (c != sep) {
      error("bad separator in content model", c, null);
      return;
      } else {
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      }
    }

                        // Check for the occurrence indicator.
    c = readCh();
    switch (c) {
    case '?':
    case '*':
    case '+':
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      return;
    default:
      unread(c);
      return;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse a content particle.
    * [43] cp ::= (Name | choice | seq) ('?' | '*' | '+')
    * *NOTE: I actually use a slightly different production here:
    *        cp ::= (elements | (Name ('?' | '*' | '+')?))
    */
01262   void parseCp ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

    if (tryRead('(')) {
      dataBufferAppend('(');
      parseElements();
    } else {
      dataBufferAppend(readNmtoken(true));
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '?':
      case '*':
      case '+':
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      break;
      default:
      unread(c);
      break;
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse mixed content.
    * [50] Mixed ::= '(' S? %( %'#PCDATA' (S? '|' S? %Mtoks)* ) S? ')*'
    *              | '(' S? %('#PCDATA') S? ')'
    * [51] Mtoks ::= %Name (S? '|' S? %Name)*
    * *NOTE: the S and '#PCDATA' have already been read.
    */
01294   void parseMixed ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

                        // Check for PCDATA alone.
    skipWhitespace();
    if (tryRead(')')) {
      dataBufferAppend(")*");
      tryRead('*');
      return;
    }

                        // Parse mixed content.
    skipWhitespace();
    while (!tryRead(")*")) {
      require('|');
      dataBufferAppend('|');
      skipWhitespace();
      dataBufferAppend(readNmtoken(true));
      skipWhitespace();
    }
    dataBufferAppend(")*");
  }


  /**
    * Parse an attribute list declaration.
    * [52] AttlistDecl ::= '<!ATTLIST' S %Name S? %AttDef+ S? '>'
    * *NOTE: the '<!ATTLIST' has already been read.
    */
01325   void parseAttlistDecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String elementName;

    requireWhitespace();
    elementName = readNmtoken(true);
    requireWhitespace();
    while (!tryRead('>')) {
      parseAttDef(elementName);
      skipWhitespace();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse a single attribute definition.
    * [53] AttDef ::= S %Name S %AttType S %Default
    */
01344   void parseAttDef (String elementName)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;
    int type;
    String enumeration = null;

                        // Read the attribute name.
    name = readNmtoken(true);

                        // Read the attribute type.
    requireWhitespace();
    type = readAttType();

                        // Get the string of enumerated values
                        // if necessary.
    if (type == ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATED || type == ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION) {
      enumeration = dataBufferToString();
    }

                        // Read the default value.
    requireWhitespace();
    parseDefault(elementName, name, type, enumeration);
  }


  /**
    * Parse the attribute type.
    * [54] AttType ::= StringType | TokenizedType | EnumeratedType
    * [55] StringType ::= 'CDATA'
    * [56] TokenizedType ::= 'ID' | 'IDREF' | 'IDREFS' | 'ENTITY' | 'ENTITIES' |
    *                        'NMTOKEN' | 'NMTOKENS'
    * [57] EnumeratedType ::= NotationType | Enumeration
    * *TODO: validate the type!!
    */
01379   int readAttType ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String typeString;
    Integer type;

    if (tryRead('(')) {
      parseEnumeration();
      return ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATED;
    } else {
      typeString = readNmtoken(true);
      if (typeString.equals("NOTATION")) {
      parseNotationType();
      }
      type = (Integer)attributeTypeHash.get(typeString);
      if (type == null) {
      error("illegal attribute type", typeString, null);
      return ATTRIBUTE_UNDECLARED;
      } else {
      return type.intValue();
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse an enumeration.
    * [60] Enumeration ::= '(' S? %Etoks (S? '|' S? %Etoks)* S? ')'
    * [61] Etoks ::= %Nmtoken (S? '|' S? %Nmtoken)*
    * *NOTE: the '(' has already been read.
    */
01410   void parseEnumeration ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

    dataBufferAppend('(');

                        // Read the first token.
    skipWhitespace();
    dataBufferAppend(readNmtoken(true));
                        // Read the remaining tokens.
    skipWhitespace();
    while (!tryRead(')')) {
      require('|');
      dataBufferAppend('|');
      skipWhitespace();
      dataBufferAppend(readNmtoken(true));
      skipWhitespace();
    }
    dataBufferAppend(')');
  }


  /**
    * Parse a notation type for an attribute.
    * [58] NotationType ::= %'NOTATION' S '(' S? %Ntoks (S? '|' S? %Ntoks)*
    *                       S? ')'
    * [59] Ntoks ::= %Name (S? '|' S? %Name)
    * *NOTE: the 'NOTATION' has already been read
    */
01440   void parseNotationType ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    requireWhitespace();
    require('(');

    parseEnumeration();
  }


  /**
    * Parse the default value for an attribute.
    * [62] Default ::= '#REQUIRED' | '#IMPLIED' | ((%'#FIXED' S)? %AttValue
    */
01454   void parseDefault (String elementName, String name, int type, String enumeration)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int valueType = ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_SPECIFIED;
    String value = null;
    boolean normalizeWSFlag;

    if (tryRead('#')) {
      if (tryRead("FIXED")) {
      valueType = ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_FIXED;
      requireWhitespace();
      context = CONTEXT_ATTRIBUTEVALUE;
      value = readLiteral(LIT_CHAR_REF);
      context = CONTEXT_DTD;
      } else if (tryRead("REQUIRED")) {
      valueType = ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_REQUIRED;
      } else if (tryRead("IMPLIED")) {
      valueType = ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_IMPLIED;
      } else {
      error("illegal keyword for attribute default value", null, null);
      }
    } else {
      context = CONTEXT_ATTRIBUTEVALUE;
      value = readLiteral(LIT_CHAR_REF);
      context = CONTEXT_DTD;
    }
    setAttribute(elementName, name, type, enumeration, value, valueType);
  }


  /**
    * Parse a conditional section.
    * [63] conditionalSect ::= includeSect || ignoreSect
    * [64] includeSect ::= '<![' %'INCLUDE' '[' (%markupdecl*)* ']]>'
    * [65] ignoreSect ::= '<![' %'IGNORE' '[' ignoreSectContents* ']]>'
    * [66] ignoreSectContents ::= ((SkipLit | Comment | PI) -(Char* ']]>'))
    *                           | ('<![' ignoreSectContents* ']]>')
    *                           | (Char - (']' | [<'"]))
    *                           | ('<!' (Char - ('-' | '[')))
    * *NOTE: the '<![' has already been read.
    * *TODO: verify that I am handling ignoreSectContents right.
    */
01496   void parseConditionalSect ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    skipWhitespace();
    if (tryRead("INCLUDE")) {
      skipWhitespace();
      require('[');
      skipWhitespace();
      while (!tryRead("]]>")) {
      parseMarkupdecl();
      skipWhitespace();
      }
    } else if (tryRead("IGNORE")) {
      skipWhitespace();
      require('[');
      int nesting = 1;
      char c;
      for (int nest = 1; nest > 0; ) {
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '<':
        if (tryRead("![")) {
          nest++;
        }
      case ']':
        if (tryRead("]>")) {
          nest--;
        }
      }
      }
    } else {
      error("conditional section must begin with INCLUDE or IGNORE",
          null, null);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Read a character reference.
    * [67] CharRef ::= '&#' [0-9]+ ';' | '&#x' [0-9a-fA-F]+ ';'
    * *NOTE: the '&#' has already been read.
    */
01538   void parseCharRef ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int value = 0;
    char c;

    if (tryRead('x')) {
      loop1: while (true) {
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '0':
      case '1':
      case '2':
      case '3':
      case '4':
      case '5':
      case '6':
      case '7':
      case '8':
      case '9':
      case 'a':
      case 'A':
      case 'b':
      case 'B':
      case 'c':
      case 'C':
      case 'd':
      case 'D':
      case 'e':
      case 'E':
      case 'f':
      case 'F':
        value *= 16;
        value += Integer.parseInt(new Character(c).toString(), 16);
        break;
      case ';':
        break loop1;
      default:
        error("illegal character in character reference", c, null);
        break loop1;
      }
      }
    } else {
      loop2: while (true) {
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '0':
      case '1':
      case '2':
      case '3':
      case '4':
      case '5':
      case '6':
      case '7':
      case '8':
      case '9':
        value *= 10;
        value += Integer.parseInt(new Character(c).toString(), 10);
        break;
      case ';':
        break loop2;
      default:
        error("illegal character in character reference", c, null);
        break loop2;
      }
      }
    }

    // Check for surrogates: 00000000 0000xxxx yyyyyyyy zzzzzzzz
    //  (1101|10xx|xxyy|yyyy + 1101|11yy|zzzz|zzzz: 
    if (value <= 0x0000ffff) {
                        // no surrogates needed
      dataBufferAppend((char)value);
    } else if (value <= 0x000fffff) {
                        // > 16 bits, surrogate needed
      dataBufferAppend((char)(0xd8 | ((value & 0x000ffc00) >> 10)));
      dataBufferAppend((char)(0xdc | (value & 0x0003ff)));
    } else {
                        // too big for surrogate
      error("character reference " + value + " is too large for UTF-16",
          new Integer(value).toString(), null);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse a reference.
    * [69] EntityRef ::= '&' Name ';'
    * *NOTE: the '&' has already been read.
    * @param externalAllowed External entities are allowed here.
    */
01629   void parseEntityRef (boolean externalAllowed)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;

    name = readNmtoken(true);
    require(';');
    switch (getEntityType(name)) {
    case ENTITY_UNDECLARED:
      error("reference to undeclared entity", name, null);
      break;
    case ENTITY_INTERNAL:
      pushString(name, getEntityValue(name));
      break;
    case ENTITY_TEXT:
      if (externalAllowed) {
      pushURL(name, getEntityPublicId(name),
            getEntitySystemId(name),
            null, null, null);
      } else {
      error("reference to external entity in attribute value.", name, null);
      }
      break;
    case ENTITY_NDATA:
      if (externalAllowed) {
      error("data entity reference in content", name, null);
      } else {
      error("reference to external entity in attribute value.", name, null);
      }
      break;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse a parameter entity reference.
    * [70] PEReference ::= '%' Name ';'
    * *NOTE: the '%' has already been read.
    */
01668   void parsePEReference (boolean isEntityValue)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String name;

    name = "%" + readNmtoken(true);
    require(';');
    switch (getEntityType(name)) {
    case ENTITY_UNDECLARED:
      error("reference to undeclared parameter entity", name, null);
      break;
    case ENTITY_INTERNAL:
      if (isEntityValue) {
      pushString(name, getEntityValue(name));
      } else {
      pushString(name, " " + getEntityValue(name) + ' ');
      }
      break;
    case ENTITY_TEXT:
      if (isEntityValue) {
      pushString(null, " ");
      }
      pushURL(name, getEntityPublicId(name),
            getEntitySystemId(name),
            null, null, null);
      if (isEntityValue) {
      pushString(null, " ");
      }
      break;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse an entity declaration.
    * [71] EntityDecl ::= '<!ENTITY' S %Name S %EntityDef S? '>'
    *                   | '<!ENTITY' S '%' S %Name S %EntityDef S? '>'
    * [72] EntityDef ::= EntityValue | ExternalDef
    * [73] ExternalDef ::= ExternalID %NDataDecl?
    * [74] ExternalID ::= 'SYSTEM' S SystemLiteral
    *                   | 'PUBLIC' S PubidLiteral S SystemLiteral
    * [75] NDataDecl ::= S %'NDATA' S %Name
    * *NOTE: the '<!ENTITY' has already been read.
    */
01712   void parseEntityDecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    boolean peFlag = false;
    String name, value, notationName, ids[];

                        // Check for a parameter entity.
    requireWhitespace();
    if (tryRead('%')) {
      peFlag = true;
      requireWhitespace();
    }

                        // Read the entity name, and prepend
                        // '%' if necessary.
    name = readNmtoken(true);
    if (peFlag) {
      name = "%" + name;
    }

                        // Read the entity value.
    requireWhitespace();
    c = readCh();
    unread(c);
    if (c == '"' || c == '\'') {
                        // Internal entity.
      context = CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE;
      value = readLiteral(LIT_CHAR_REF|LIT_PE_REF);
      context = CONTEXT_DTD;
      setInternalEntity(name,value);
    } else {
                        // Read the external IDs
      ids = readExternalIds(false);
      if (ids[1] == null) {
      error("system identifer missing", name, null);
      }

                        // Check for NDATA declaration.
      skipWhitespace();
      if (tryRead("NDATA")) {
      requireWhitespace();
      notationName = readNmtoken(true);
      setExternalDataEntity(name, ids[0], ids[1], notationName);
      } else {
      setExternalTextEntity(name, ids[0], ids[1]);
      }
    }

                        // Finish the declaration.
    skipWhitespace();
    require('>');
  }


  /**
    * Parse a notation declaration.
    * [81] NotationDecl ::= '<!NOTATION' S %Name S %ExternalID S? '>'
    * *NOTE: the '<!NOTATION' has already been read.
    */
01772   void parseNotationDecl ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String nname, ids[];
    

    requireWhitespace();
    nname = readNmtoken(true);

    requireWhitespace();

                        // Read the external identifiers.
    ids = readExternalIds(true);
    if (ids[0] == null && ids[1] == null) {
      error("external identifer missing", nname, null);
    }

                        // Register the notation.
    setNotation(nname, ids[0], ids[1]);

    skipWhitespace();
    require('>');
  }


  /**
    * Parse PCDATA.
    * <pre>
    * [16] PCData ::= [^&lt;&amp;]*
    * </pre>
    * <p>The trick here is that the data stays in the dataBuffer without
    * necessarily being converted to a string right away.
    */
01805   void parsePCData ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

                        // Start with a little cheat -- in most
                        // cases, the entire sequence of
                        // character data will already be in
                        // the readBuffer; if not, fall through to
                        // the normal approach.
    if (USE_CHEATS) {
      int lineAugment = 0;
      int columnAugment = 0;

      loop: for (int i = readBufferPos; i < readBufferLength; i++) {
      switch (readBuffer[i]) {
      case '\n':
        lineAugment++;
        columnAugment = 0;
        break;
      case '&':
      case '<':
        int start = readBufferPos;
        columnAugment++;
        readBufferPos = i;
        if (lineAugment > 0) {
          line += lineAugment;
          column = columnAugment;
        } else {
          column += columnAugment;
        }
        dataBufferAppend(readBuffer, start, i-start);
        return;
      default:
        columnAugment++;
      }
      }
    }

                        // OK, the cheat didn't work; start over
                        // and do it by the book.
    while (true) {
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '<':
      case '&':
      unread(c);
      return;
      default:
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      break;
      }
    }
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // High-level reading and scanning methods.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  /**
    * Require whitespace characters.
    * [1] S ::= (#x20 | #x9 | #xd | #xa)+
    */
01870   void requireWhitespace ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c = readCh();
    if (isWhitespace(c)) {
      skipWhitespace();
    } else {
      error("whitespace expected", c, null);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Parse whitespace characters, and leave them in the data buffer.
    */
01885   void parseWhitespace ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c = readCh();
    while (isWhitespace(c)) {
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      c = readCh();
    }
    unread(c);
  }


  /**
    * Skip whitespace characters.
    * [1] S ::= (#x20 | #x9 | #xd | #xa)+
    */
01901   void skipWhitespace ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
                        // Start with a little cheat.  Most of
                        // the time, the white space will fall
                        // within the current read buffer; if
                        // not, then fall through.
    if (USE_CHEATS) {
      int lineAugment = 0;
      int columnAugment = 0;

      loop: for (int i = readBufferPos; i < readBufferLength; i++) {
      switch (readBuffer[i]) {
      case ' ':
      case '\t':
      case '\r':
        columnAugment++;
        break;
      case '\n':
        lineAugment++;
        columnAugment = 0;
        break;
      case '%':
        if (context == CONTEXT_DTD || context == CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE) {
          break loop;
        } // else fall through...
      default:
        readBufferPos = i;
        if (lineAugment > 0) {
          line += lineAugment;
          column = columnAugment;
        } else {
          column += columnAugment;
        }
        return;
      }
      }
    }

                        // OK, do it by the book.
    char c = readCh();
    while (isWhitespace(c)) {
      c = readCh();
    }
    unread(c);
  }


  /**
    * Read a name or name token.
    * [5] Name ::= (Letter | '_' | ':') (NameChar)*
    * [7] Nmtoken ::= (NameChar)+
    * *NOTE: [6] is implemented implicitly where required.
    */
01955   String readNmtoken (boolean isName)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

    if (USE_CHEATS) {
      loop: for (int i = readBufferPos; i < readBufferLength; i++) {
      switch (readBuffer[i]) {
      case '%':
        if (context == CONTEXT_DTD || context == CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE) {
          break loop;
        } // else fall through...
      case '<':
      case '>':
      case '&':
      case ',':
      case '|':
      case '*':
      case '+':
      case '?':
      case ')':
      case '=':
      case '\'':
      case '"':
      case '[':
      case ' ':
      case '\t':
      case '\r':
      case '\n':
      case ';':
      case '/':
      case '#':
        int start = readBufferPos;
        if (i == start) {
          error("name expected", readBuffer[i], null);
        }
        readBufferPos = i;
        return intern(readBuffer, start, i - start);
      }
      }
    }

    nameBufferPos = 0;

                        // Read the first character.
    loop: while (true) {
      c = readCh();
      switch (c) {
      case '%':
      case '<':
      case '>':
      case '&':
      case ',':
      case '|':
      case '*':
      case '+':
      case '?':
      case ')':
      case '=':
      case '\'':
      case '"':
      case '[':
      case ' ':
      case '\t':
      case '\n':
      case '\r':
      case ';':
      case '/':
      unread(c);
      if (nameBufferPos == 0) {
        error("name expected", null, null);
      }
      String s = intern(nameBuffer,0,nameBufferPos);
      nameBufferPos = 0;
      return s;
      default:
      nameBuffer =
        (char[])extendArray(nameBuffer, nameBuffer.length, nameBufferPos);
      nameBuffer[nameBufferPos++] = c;
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Read a literal.
    * [10] AttValue ::= '"' ([^<&"] | Reference)* '"'
    *                 | "'" ([^<&'] | Reference)* "'"
    * [11] SystemLiteral ::= '"' URLchar* '"' | "'" (URLchar - "'")* "'"
    * [13] PubidLiteral ::= '"' PubidChar* '"' | "'" (PubidChar - "'")* "'"
    * [9] EntityValue ::= '"' ([^%&"] | PEReference | Reference)* '"'
    *                   | "'" ([^%&'] | PEReference | Reference)* "'"
    */
02048   String readLiteral (int flags)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char delim, c;
    int startLine = line;

                        // Find the delimiter.
    delim = readCh();
    if (delim != '"' && delim != '\'' && delim != (char)0) {
      error("expected '\"' or \"'\"", delim, null);
      return null;
    }

                        // Read the literal.
    try {
      c = readCh();

    loop: while (c != delim) {
      switch (c) {
                        // Literals never have line ends
      case '\n':
      case '\r':
      c = ' ';
      break;
                        // References may be allowed
      case '&':
      if ((flags & LIT_CHAR_REF) > 0) {
        c = readCh();
        if (c == '#') {
          parseCharRef();
          c = readCh();
          continue loop;            // check the next character
        } else if ((flags & LIT_ENTITY_REF) > 0) {
          unread(c);
          parseEntityRef(false);
          c = readCh();
          continue loop;
        } else {
          dataBufferAppend('&');
        }
      }
      break;

      default:
      break;
      }
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      c = readCh();
    }
    } catch (EOFException e) {
      error("end of input while looking for delimiter (started on line "
          + startLine + ')', null, new Character(delim).toString());
    }

                        // Normalise whitespace if necessary.
    if ((flags & LIT_NORMALIZE) > 0) {
      dataBufferNormalize();
    }

                        // Return the value.
    return dataBufferToString();
  }


  /**
    * Try reading external identifiers.
    * <p>The system identifier is not required for notations.
    * @param inNotation Are we in a notation?
    * @return A two-member String array containing the identifiers.
    */
02118   String[] readExternalIds (boolean inNotation)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    String ids[] = new String[2];

    if (tryRead("PUBLIC")) {
      requireWhitespace();
      ids[0] = readLiteral(LIT_NORMALIZE); // public id
      if (inNotation) {
      skipWhitespace();
      if (tryRead('"') || tryRead('\'')) {
        ids[1] = readLiteral(0);
      }
      } else {
      requireWhitespace();
      ids[1] = readLiteral(0); // system id
      }
    } else if (tryRead("SYSTEM")) {
      requireWhitespace();
      ids[1] = readLiteral(0);      // system id
    }

    return ids;
  }


  /**
    * Test if a character is whitespace.
    * <pre>
    * [1] S ::= (#x20 | #x9 | #xd | #xa)+
    * </pre>
    * @param c The character to test.
    * @return true if the character is whitespace.
    */
02153   final boolean isWhitespace (char c)
  {
    switch ((int)c) {
    case 0x20:
    case 0x09:
    case 0x0d:
    case 0x0a:
      return true;
    default:
      return false;
    }
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Utility routines.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Add a character to the data buffer.
    */
02176   void dataBufferAppend (char c)
  {
                        // Expand buffer if necessary.
    dataBuffer =
      (char[])extendArray(dataBuffer, dataBuffer.length, dataBufferPos);
    dataBuffer[dataBufferPos++] = c;
  }


  /** 
    * Add a string to the data buffer.
    */
02188   void dataBufferAppend (String s)
  {
    dataBufferAppend(s.toCharArray(), 0, s.length());
  }


  /**
    * Append (part of) a character array to the data buffer.
    */
02197   void dataBufferAppend (char ch[], int start, int length)
  {
    dataBuffer =
      (char[])extendArray(dataBuffer, dataBuffer.length,
                    dataBufferPos + length);
    System.arraycopy((Object)ch, start,
                 (Object)dataBuffer, dataBufferPos,
                 length);
    dataBufferPos += length;
  }


  /**
    * Normalise whitespace in the data buffer.
    */
02212   void dataBufferNormalize ()
  {
    int i = 0;
    int j = 0;
    int end = dataBufferPos;

                        // Skip whitespace at the start.
    while (j < end && isWhitespace(dataBuffer[j])) {
      j++;
    }

                        // Skip whitespace at the end.
    while (end > j && isWhitespace(dataBuffer[end - 1])) {
      end --;
    }

                        // Start copying to the left.
    while (j < end) {

      char c = dataBuffer[j++];

                        // Normalise all other whitespace to
                        // a single space.
      if (isWhitespace(c)) {
      while (j < end && isWhitespace(dataBuffer[j++])) {
      }
      dataBuffer[i++] = ' ';
      dataBuffer[i++] = dataBuffer[j-1];
      } else {
      dataBuffer[i++] = c;
      }
    }

                        // The new length is <= the old one.
    dataBufferPos = i;
  }


  /**
    * Convert the data buffer to a string.
    * @param internFlag true if the contents should be interned.
    * @see #intern(char[],int,int)
    */
02255   String dataBufferToString ()
  {
    String s = new String(dataBuffer, 0, dataBufferPos);
    dataBufferPos = 0;
    return s;
  }


  /**
    * Flush the contents of the data buffer to the handler, if
    * appropriate, and reset the buffer for new input.
    */
02267   void dataBufferFlush ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    if (dataBufferPos > 0) {
      switch (currentElementContent) {
      case CONTENT_UNDECLARED:
      case CONTENT_EMPTY:
      // do nothing
      break;
      case CONTENT_MIXED:
      case CONTENT_ANY:
      if (handler != null) {
        handler.charData(dataBuffer, 0, dataBufferPos);
      }
      break;
      case CONTENT_ELEMENTS:
      if (handler != null) {
        handler.ignorableWhitespace(dataBuffer, 0, dataBufferPos);
      }
      break;
      }
      dataBufferPos = 0;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Require a string to appear, or throw an exception.
    */
02296   void require (String delim)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char ch[] = delim.toCharArray();
    for (int i = 0; i < ch.length; i++) {
      require(ch[i]);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Require a character to appear, or throw an exception.
    */
02309   void require (char delim)
       throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c = readCh();

    if (c != delim) {
      error("expected character", c, new Character(delim).toString());
    }
  }


  /**
    * Return an internalised version of a string.
    * <p>&AElig;lfred uses this method to create an internalised version
    * of all names and attribute values, so that it can test equality
    * with <code>==</code> instead of <code>String.equals()</code>.
    * <p>If you want to be able to test for equality in the same way,
    * you can use this method to internalise your own strings first:
    * <pre>
    * String PARA = handler.intern("PARA");
    * </pre>
    * <p>Note that this will not return the same results as String.intern().
    * @param s The string to internalise.
    * @return An internalised version of the string.
    * @see #intern(char[],int,int)
    * @see java.lang.String#intern
    */
02336   public String intern (String s)
  {
    char ch[] = s.toCharArray();
    return intern(ch, 0, ch.length);
  }


  /**
    * Create an internalised string from a character array.
    * <p>This is much more efficient than constructing a non-internalised
    * string first, and then internalising it.
    * <p>Note that this will not return the same results as String.intern().
    * @param ch an array of characters for building the string.
    * @param start the starting position in the array.
    * @param length the number of characters to place in the string.
    * @return an internalised string.
    * @see #intern(String)
    * @see java.lang.String#intern
    */
02355   public String intern (char ch[], int start, int length)
  {
    int index;
    int hash = 0;

                        // Generate a hash code.
    for (int i = start; i < start + length; i++) {
      hash = ((hash << 1) & 0xffffff) + (int)ch[i];
    }

    hash = hash % SYMBOL_TABLE_LENGTH;

                        // Get the bucket.
    Object bucket[] = (Object[])symbolTable[hash];
    if (bucket == null) {
      symbolTable[hash] = bucket = new Object[8];
    }

                        // Search for a matching tuple, and
                        // return the string if we find one.
    for (index = 0; index < bucket.length; index += 2) {
      char chFound[] = (char[])bucket[index];

                        // Stop when we hit a null index.
      if (chFound == null) {
      break;
      }

                        // If they're the same length,
                        // check for a match.
                        // If the loop finishes, 'index' will
                        // contain the current bucket
                        // position.
      if (chFound.length == length) {
      for (int i = 0; i < chFound.length; i++) {
                        // Stop if there are no more tuples.
        if (ch[start+i] != chFound[i]) {
          break;
        } else if (i == length-1) {
                        // That's it, we have a match!
          return (String)bucket[index+1];
        }
      }
      }
    }

                        // Not found -- we'll have to add it.

                        // Do we have to grow the bucket?
    bucket =
      (Object[])extendArray(bucket, bucket.length, index);

                        // OK, add it to the end of the
                        // bucket.
    String s = new String(ch, start, length);
    bucket[index] = s.toCharArray();
    bucket[index+1] = s;
    symbolTable[hash] = bucket;
    return s;
  }


  /**
    * Ensure the capacity of an array, allocating a new one if
    * necessary.
    */
02421   Object extendArray (Object array, int currentSize, int requiredSize)
  {
    if (requiredSize < currentSize) {
      return array;
    } else {
      Object newArray = null;
      int newSize = currentSize * 2;

      if (newSize <= requiredSize) {
      newSize = requiredSize + 1;
      }

      if (array instanceof char[]) {
      newArray = new char[newSize];
      } else if (array instanceof Object[]) {
      newArray = new Object[newSize];
      }

      System.arraycopy(array, 0, newArray, 0, currentSize);
      return newArray;
    }
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // XML query routines.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  //
  // Elements
  //

  /**
    * Get the declared elements for an XML document.
    * <p>The results will be valid only after the DTD (if any) has been
    * parsed.
    * @return An enumeration of all element types declared for this
    *         document (as Strings).
    * @see #getElementContentType
    * @see #getElementContentModel
    */
02464   public Enumeration declaredElements ()
  {
    return elementInfo.keys();
  }


  /**
    * Look up the content type of an element.
    * @param name The element type name.
    * @return An integer constant representing the content type.
    * @see #getElementContentModel
    * @see #CONTENT_UNDECLARED
    * @see #CONTENT_ANY
    * @see #CONTENT_EMPTY
    * @see #CONTENT_MIXED
    * @see #CONTENT_ELEMENTS
    */
02481   public int getElementContentType (String name)
  {
    Object element[] = (Object[])elementInfo.get(name);
    if (element == null) {
      return CONTENT_UNDECLARED;
    } else {
      return ((Integer)element[0]).intValue();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Look up the content model of an element.
    * <p>The result will always be null unless the content type is
    * CONTENT_ELEMENTS or CONTENT_MIXED.
    * @param name The element type name.
    * @return The normalised content model, as a string.
    * @see #getElementContentType
    */
02500   public String getElementContentModel (String name)
  {
    Object element[] = (Object[])elementInfo.get(name);
    if (element == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)element[1];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Register an element.
    * Array format:
    *  element type
    *  attribute hash table
    */
02517   void setElement (String name, int contentType,
               String contentModel, Hashtable attributes)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    Object element[];

                        // Try looking up the element
    element = (Object[])elementInfo.get(name);

                        // Make a new one if necessary.
    if (element == null) {
      element = new Object[3];
      element[0] = new Integer(CONTENT_UNDECLARED);
      element[1] = null;
      element[2] = null;
    } else if (contentType != CONTENT_UNDECLARED &&
             ((Integer)element[0]).intValue() != CONTENT_UNDECLARED) {
      error("multiple declarations for element type", name, null);
      return;
    }

                        // Insert the content type, if any.
    if (contentType != CONTENT_UNDECLARED) {
      element[0] = new Integer(contentType);
    }

                        // Insert the content model, if any.
    if (contentModel != null) {
      element[1] = contentModel;
    }

                        // Insert the attributes, if any.
    if (attributes != null) {
      element[2] =attributes;
    }

                        // Save the element info.
    elementInfo.put(name,element);
  }


  /**
    * Look up the attribute hash table for an element.
    * The hash table is the second item in the element array.
    */
02562   Hashtable getElementAttributes (String name)
  {
    Object element[] = (Object[])elementInfo.get(name);
    if (element == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (Hashtable)element[2];
    }
  }



  //
  // Attributes
  //

  /**
    * Get the declared attributes for an element type.
    * @param elname The name of the element type.
    * @return An Enumeration of all the attributes declared for
    *         a specific element type.  The results will be valid only
    *         after the DTD (if any) has been parsed.
    * @see #getAttributeType
    * @see #getAttributeEnumeration
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValueType
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValue
    * @see #getAttributeExpandedValue
    */
02590   public Enumeration declaredAttributes (String elname)
  {
    Hashtable attlist = getElementAttributes(elname);

    if (attlist == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return attlist.keys();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the declared type of an attribute.
    * @param name The name of the associated element.
    * @param aname The name of the attribute.
    * @return An integer constant representing the attribute type.
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_UNDECLARED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_CDATA
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_ID
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_IDREF
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_IDREFS
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_ENTITY
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_ENTITIES
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKEN
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_NMTOKENS
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION
    */
02619   public int getAttributeType (String name, String aname)
  {
    Object attribute[] = getAttribute(name, aname);
    if (attribute == null) {
      return ATTRIBUTE_UNDECLARED;
    } else {
      return ((Integer)attribute[0]).intValue();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the allowed values for an enumerated attribute type.
    * @param name The name of the associated element.
    * @param aname The name of the attribute.
    * @return A string containing the token list.
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_ENUMERATED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_NOTATION
    */
02638   public String getAttributeEnumeration (String name, String aname)
  {
    Object attribute[] = getAttribute(name, aname);
    if (attribute == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)attribute[3];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the default value of a declared attribute.
    * @param name The name of the associated element.
    * @param aname The name of the attribute.
    * @return The default value, or null if the attribute was
    *         #IMPLIED or simply undeclared and unspecified.
    * @see #getAttributeExpandedValue
    */
02657   public String getAttributeDefaultValue (String name, String aname)
  {
    Object attribute[] = getAttribute(name, aname);
    if (attribute == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)attribute[1];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the expanded value of a declared attribute.
    * <p>All general entities will be expanded.
    * @param name The name of the associated element.
    * @param aname The name of the attribute.
    * @return The expanded default value, or null if the attribute was
    *         #IMPLIED or simply undeclared
    * @see #getAttributeDefaultValue
    */
02677   public String getAttributeExpandedValue (String name, String aname)
  {
    Object attribute[] = getAttribute(name, aname);
    if (attribute == null) {
      return null;
    } else if (attribute[4] == null && attribute[1] != null) {
      try {
      pushString(null, (char)0 + (String)attribute[1] + (char)0);
      attribute[4] = readLiteral(LIT_NORMALIZE |
                           LIT_CHAR_REF |
                           LIT_ENTITY_REF);
      } catch (Exception e) {}
    }
    return (String)attribute[4];
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the default value type of a declared attribute.
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_SPECIFIED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_IMPLIED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_REQUIRED
    * @see #ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_FIXED
    */
02701   public int getAttributeDefaultValueType (String name, String aname)
  {
    Object attribute[] = getAttribute(name, aname);
    if (attribute == null) {
      return ATTRIBUTE_DEFAULT_UNDECLARED;
    } else {
      return ((Integer)attribute[2]).intValue();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Register an attribute declaration for later retrieval.
    * Format:
    * - String type
    * - String default value
    * - int value type
    * *TODO: do something with attribute types.
    */
02720   void setAttribute (String elName, String name, int type, String enumeration,
                 String value, int valueType)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    Hashtable attlist;
    Object attribute[];

                        // Create a new hashtable if necessary.
    attlist = getElementAttributes(elName);
    if (attlist == null) {
      attlist = new Hashtable();
    }

                        // Check that the attribute doesn't
                        // already exist!
    if (attlist.get(name) != null) {
      return;
    } else {
      attribute = new Object[5];
      attribute[0] = new Integer(type);
      attribute[1] = value;
      attribute[2] = new Integer(valueType);
      attribute[3] = enumeration;
      attribute[4] = null;
      attlist.put(name.intern(), attribute);

                        // Use CONTENT_UNDECLARED to avoid overwriting
                        // existing element declaration.
      setElement(elName,CONTENT_UNDECLARED, null, attlist);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Retrieve the three-member array representing an
    * attribute declaration.
    */
02757   Object[] getAttribute (String elName, String name)
  {
    Hashtable attlist;
    Object attribute[];

    attlist = getElementAttributes(elName);
    if (attlist == null) {
      return null;
    }

    attribute = (Object[])attlist.get(name);
    return attribute;
  }


  //
  // Entities
  //

  /**
    * Get declared entities.
    * @return An Enumeration of all the entities declared for
    *         this XML document.  The results will be valid only
    *         after the DTD (if any) has been parsed.
    * @see #getEntityType
    * @see #getEntityPublicId
    * @see #getEntitySystemId
    * @see #getEntityValue
    * @see #getEntityNotationName
    */
02787   public Enumeration declaredEntities ()
  {
    return entityInfo.keys();
  }


  /**
    * Find the type of an entity.
    * @return An integer constant representing the entity type.
    * @see #ENTITY_UNDECLARED
    * @see #ENTITY_INTERNAL
    * @see #ENTITY_NDATA
    * @see #ENTITY_TEXT
    */
02801   public int getEntityType (String ename)
  {
    Object entity[] = (Object[])entityInfo.get(ename);
    if (entity == null) {
      return ENTITY_UNDECLARED;
    } else {
      return ((Integer)entity[0]).intValue();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Return an external entity's public identifier, if any.
    * @param ename The name of the external entity.
    * @return The entity's system identifier, or null if the
    *         entity was not declared, if it is not an
    *         external entity, or if no public identifier was
    *         provided.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
02821   public String getEntityPublicId (String ename)
  {
    Object entity[] = (Object[])entityInfo.get(ename);
    if (entity == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)entity[1];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Return an external entity's system identifier.
    * @param ename The name of the external entity.
    * @return The entity's system identifier, or null if the
    *         entity was not declared, or if it is not an
    *         external entity.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
02840   public String getEntitySystemId (String ename)
  {
    Object entity[] = (Object[])entityInfo.get(ename);
    if (entity == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)entity[2];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Return the value of an internal entity.
    * @param ename The name of the internal entity.
    * @return The entity's value, or null if the entity was
    *         not declared, or if it is not an internal entity.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
02858   public String getEntityValue (String ename)
  {
    Object entity[] = (Object[])entityInfo.get(ename);
    if (entity == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)entity[3];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Get the notation name associated with an NDATA entity.
    * @param eName The NDATA entity name.
    * @return The associated notation name, or null if the
    *         entity was not declared, or if it is not an
    *         NDATA entity.
    * @see #getEntityType
    */
02877   public String getEntityNotationName (String eName)
  {
    Object entity[] = (Object[])entityInfo.get(eName);
    if (entity == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)entity[4];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Register an entity declaration for later retrieval.
    */
02891   void setInternalEntity (String eName, String value)
  {
    setEntity(eName, ENTITY_INTERNAL, null, null, value, null);
  }


  /**
    * Register an external data entity.
    */
02900   void setExternalDataEntity (String eName, String pubid,
                        String sysid, String nName)
  {
    setEntity(eName, ENTITY_NDATA, pubid, sysid, null, nName);
  }


  /**
    * Register an external text entity.
    */
02910   void setExternalTextEntity (String eName, String pubid, String sysid)
  {
    setEntity(eName, ENTITY_TEXT, pubid, sysid, null, null);
  }


  /**
    * Register an entity declaration for later retrieval.
    */
02919   void setEntity (String eName, int eClass,
              String pubid, String sysid,
              String value, String nName)
  {
    Object entity[];

    if (entityInfo.get(eName) == null) {
      entity = new Object[5];
      entity[0] = new Integer(eClass);
      entity[1] = pubid;
      entity[2] = sysid;
      entity[3] = value;
      entity[4] = nName;

      entityInfo.put(eName,entity);
    }
  }


  //
  // Notations.
  //

  /**
    * Get declared notations.
    * @return An Enumeration of all the notations declared for
    *         this XML document.  The results will be valid only
    *         after the DTD (if any) has been parsed.
    * @see #getNotationPublicId
    * @see #getNotationSystemId
    */
02950   public Enumeration declaredNotations ()
  {
    return notationInfo.keys();
  }


  /**
    * Look up the public identifier for a notation.
    * You will normally use this method to look up a notation
    * that was provided as an attribute value or for an NDATA entity.
    * @param nname The name of the notation.
    * @return A string containing the public identifier, or null
    *         if none was provided or if no such notation was
    *         declared.
    * @see #getNotationSystemId
    */
02966   public String getNotationPublicId (String nname)
  {
    Object notation[] = (Object[])notationInfo.get(nname);
    if (notation == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)notation[0];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Look up the system identifier for a notation.
    * You will normally use this method to look up a notation
    * that was provided as an attribute value or for an NDATA entity.
    * @param nname The name of the notation.
    * @return A string containing the system identifier, or null
    *         if no such notation was declared.
    * @see #getNotationPublicId
    */
02986   public String getNotationSystemId (String nname)
  {
    Object notation[] = (Object[])notationInfo.get(nname);
    if (notation == null) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return (String)notation[1];
    }
  }


  /**
    * Register a notation declaration for later retrieval.
    * Format:
    * - public id
    * - system id
    */
03003   void setNotation (String nname, String pubid, String sysid)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    Object notation[];

    if (notationInfo.get(nname) == null) {
      notation = new Object[2];
      notation[0] = pubid;
      notation[1] = sysid;
      notationInfo.put(nname,notation);
    } else {
      error("multiple declarations of notation", nname, null);
    }
  }


  //
  // Location.
  //


  /**
    * Return the current line number.
    */
03027   public int getLineNumber ()
  {
    return line;
  }


  /**
    * Return the current column number.
    */
03036   public int getColumnNumber ()
  {
    return column;
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // High-level I/O.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Read a single character from the readBuffer.
    * <p>The readDataChunk() method maintains the buffer.
    * <p>If we hit the end of an entity, try to pop the stack and
    * keep going.
    * <p>(This approach doesn't really enforce XML's rules about
    * entity boundaries, but this is not currently a validating
    * parser).
    * <p>This routine also attempts to keep track of the current
    * position in external entities, but it's not entirely accurate.
    * @return The next available input character.
    * @see #unread(char)
    * @see #unread(String)
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #line
    * @return The next character from the current input source.
    */
03066   char readCh ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    char c;

    // As long as there's nothing in the
    // read buffer, try reading more data
    // (for an external entity) or popping
    // the entity stack (for either).
    while (readBufferPos >= readBufferLength)
      {
      switch (sourceType)
        {
        case INPUT_READER:
        case INPUT_EXTERNAL:
        case INPUT_STREAM:
        readDataChunk();
        while (readBufferLength < 1)
          {
          popInput();
          if (readBufferLength <1)
            {
            readDataChunk();
            }
          }
        break;

        default:
        popInput();
        break;
        }
      }

    c = readBuffer[readBufferPos++];

    // This is a particularly nasty bit
    // of code, that checks for a parameter
    // entity reference but peeks ahead to
    // catch the '%' in parameter entity
    // declarations.
    if
      (
      c == '%' && 
      (context == CONTEXT_DTD || context == CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE)
      )
      {
      char c2 = readCh();
      unread(c2);
      if (!isWhitespace(c2))
        {
        parsePEReference(context == CONTEXT_ENTITYVALUE);
        return readCh();
        }
      }

    if (c == '\n')
      {
      line++;
      column = 0;
      }
    else
      {
      column++;
      }

    return c;
    }


  /**
    * Push a single character back onto the current input stream.
    * <p>This method usually pushes the character back onto
    * the readBuffer, while the unread(String) method treats the
    * string as a new internal entity.
    * <p>I don't think that this would ever be called with 
    * readBufferPos = 0, because the methods always reads a character
    * before unreading it, but just in case, I've added a boundary
    * condition.
    * @param c The character to push back.
    * @see #readCh
    * @see #unread(String)
    * @see #unread(char[])
    * @see #readBuffer
    */
03150   void unread (char c)
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    // Normal condition.
    if (c == '\n')
      {
      line--;
      column = -1;
      }
    if (readBufferPos > 0)
      {
      readBuffer[--readBufferPos] = c;
      }
    else
      {
      pushString(null, new Character(c).toString());
      }
    }


  /**
    * Push a char array back onto the current input stream.
    * <p>NOTE: you must <em>never</em> push back characters that you
    * haven't actually read: use pushString() instead.
    * @see #readCh
    * @see #unread(char)
    * @see #unread(String)
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #pushString
    */
03180   void unread (char ch[], int length) 
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
        {
        if (ch[i] == '\n')
          {line--;column = -1;}
        }
    if (length < readBufferPos)
      {readBufferPos -= length;}
    else
      {
      pushCharArray(null, ch, 0, length);
      sourceType = INPUT_BUFFER;
      }
    }


  /**
    * Push a new external input source.
    * <p>The source will be either an external text entity, or the DTD
    * external subset.
    * <p>TO DO: Right now, this method always attempts to autodetect
    * the encoding; in the future, it should allow the caller to 
    * request an encoding explicitly, and it should also look at the
    * headers with an HTTP connection.
    * @param url The java.net.URL object for the entity.
    * @see XmlHandler#resolveEntity
    * @see #pushString
    * @see #sourceType
    * @see #pushInput
    * @see #detectEncoding
    * @see #sourceType
    * @see #readBuffer
    */
03215   void pushURL (String ename, String publicId, String systemId,
            Reader reader, InputStream stream, String encoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    URL url;
    boolean ignoreEncoding = false;

                        // Push the existing status.
    pushInput(ename);

                        // Create a new read buffer.
                        // (Note the four-character margin)
    readBuffer = new char[READ_BUFFER_MAX+4];
    readBufferPos = 0;
    readBufferLength = 0;
    readBufferOverflow = -1;
    is = null;
    line = 1;

    currentByteCount = 0;

                        // Flush any remaining data.
    dataBufferFlush();

                        // Make the URL absolute.
    if (systemId != null && externalEntity != null) {
      systemId = new URL(externalEntity.getURL(), systemId).toString();
    } else if (baseURI != null) {
      try {
      systemId = new URL(new URL(baseURI), systemId).toString();
      } catch (Exception e) {}
    }

                        // See if the application wants to
                        // redirect the system ID and/or
                        // supply its own character stream.
    if (systemId != null && handler != null) {
      Object input = handler.resolveEntity(publicId, systemId);
      if (input != null) {
      if (input instanceof String) {
        systemId = (String)input;
      } else if (input instanceof InputStream) {
        stream = (InputStream)input;
      } else if (input instanceof Reader) {
        reader = (Reader)input;
      }
      }
    }

                        // Start the entity.
    if (handler != null) {
      if (systemId != null) {
      handler.startExternalEntity(systemId);
      } else {
      handler.startExternalEntity("[external stream]");
      }
    }

                        // Figure out what we're reading from.
    if (reader != null) {
                        // There's an explicit character stream.
      sourceType = INPUT_READER;
      this.reader = reader;
      tryEncodingDecl(true);
      return;
    } else if (stream != null) {
      sourceType = INPUT_STREAM;
      is = stream;
    } else {
                        // We have to open our own stream
                        // to the URL.

                        // Set the new status
      sourceType = INPUT_EXTERNAL;
      url = new URL(systemId);

      externalEntity = url.openConnection();
      externalEntity.connect();
      is = externalEntity.getInputStream();
    }

                        // If we get to here, there must be
                        // an InputStream available.
    if (!is.markSupported()) {
      is = new BufferedInputStream(is);
    }

                        // Attempt to detect the encoding.
    if (encoding == null && externalEntity != null) {
      encoding = externalEntity.getContentEncoding();
    }

    if (encoding != null) {
      checkEncoding(encoding, false);
      ignoreEncoding = true;
    } else {
      detectEncoding();
      ignoreEncoding = false;
    }

                        // Read an XML or text declaration.
    tryEncodingDecl(ignoreEncoding);
  }


  /**
    * Check for an encoding declaration.
    */
03323   void tryEncodingDecl (boolean ignoreEncoding)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
                        // Read the XML/Encoding declaration.
    if (tryRead("<?xml")) {
      if (tryWhitespace()) {
      if (inputStack.size() > 0) {
        parseTextDecl(ignoreEncoding);
      } else {
        parseXMLDecl(ignoreEncoding);
      }
      } else {
      unread("xml".toCharArray(), 3);
      parsePI();
      }
    }
  }


  /**
    * Attempt to detect the encoding of an entity.
    * <p>The trick here (as suggested in the XML standard) is that
    * any entity not in UTF-8, or in UCS-2 with a byte-order mark, 
    * <b>must</b> begin with an XML declaration or an encoding
    * declaration; we simply have to look for "&lt;?XML" in various
    * encodings.
    * <p>This method has no way to distinguish among 8-bit encodings.
    * Instead, it assumes UTF-8, then (possibly) revises its assumption
    * later in checkEncoding().  Any ASCII-derived 8-bit encoding
    * should work, but most will be rejected later by checkEncoding().
    * <p>I don't currently detect EBCDIC, since I'm concerned that it
    * could also be a valid UTF-8 sequence; I'll have to do more checking
    * later.
    * @see #tryEncoding(byte[], byte, byte, byte, byte)
    * @see #tryEncoding(byte[], byte, byte)
    * @see #checkEncoding
    * @see #read8bitEncodingDeclaration
    */
03361   void detectEncoding ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    byte signature[] = new byte[4];

                        // Read the first four bytes for
                        // autodetection.
    is.mark(4);
    is.read(signature);
    is.reset();

                        // Look for a known signature.
    if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x00, (byte)0x00,
                (byte)0x00, (byte)0x3c)) {
      // UCS-4 must begin with "<!XML"
      // 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x3c: UCS-4, big-endian (1234)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_4_1234;
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x3c, (byte)0x00,
                     (byte)0x00, (byte)0x00)) {
      // UCS-4 must begin with "<!XML"
      // 0x3c 0x00 0x00 0x00: UCS-4, little-endian (4321)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_4_4321;
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x00, (byte)0x00,
                     (byte)0x3c, (byte)0x00)) {
      // UCS-4 must begin with "<!XML"
      // 0x00 0x00 0x3c 0x00: UCS-4, unusual (2143)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_4_2143;
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x00, (byte)0x3c,
                     (byte)0x00, (byte)0x00)) {
      // UCS-4 must begin with "<!XML"
      // 0x00 0x3c 0x00 0x00: UCS-4, unusual (3421)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_4_3412;
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0xfe, (byte)0xff)) {
      // UCS-2 with a byte-order marker.
      // 0xfe 0xff: UCS-2, big-endian (12)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_2_12;
      is.read(); is.read();
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0xff, (byte)0xfe)) {
      // UCS-2 with a byte-order marker.
      // 0xff 0xfe: UCS-2, little-endian (21)
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_2_21;
      is.read(); is.read();
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x00, (byte)0x3c,
                     (byte)0x00, (byte)0x3f)) {
      // UCS-2 without a BOM must begin with "<?XML"
      // 0x00 0x3c 0x00 0x3f: UCS-2, big-endian, no byte-order mark
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_2_12;
      error("no byte-order mark for UCS-2 entity", null, null);
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x3c, (byte)0x00,
                     (byte)0x3f, (byte)0x00)) {
      // UCS-2 without a BOM must begin with "<?XML"
      // 0x3c 0x00 0x3f 0x00: UCS-2, little-endian, no byte-order mark
      encoding = ENCODING_UCS_2_21;
      error("no byte-order mark for UCS-2 entity", null, null);
    } else if (tryEncoding(signature, (byte)0x3c, (byte)0x3f,
                     (byte)0x78, (byte)0x6d)) {
      // Some kind of 8-bit encoding with "<?XML"
      // 0x3c 0x3f 0x78 0x6d: UTF-8 or other 8-bit markup (read ENCODING)
      encoding = ENCODING_UTF_8;
      read8bitEncodingDeclaration();
    } else {
      // Some kind of 8-bit encoding without "<?XML"
      // (otherwise) UTF-8 without encoding/XML declaration
      encoding = ENCODING_UTF_8;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Check for a four-byte signature.
    * <p>Utility routine for detectEncoding().
    * <p>Always looks for some part of "<?XML" in a specific encoding.
    * @param sig The first four bytes read.
    * @param b1 The first byte of the signature
    * @param b2 The second byte of the signature
    * @param b3 The third byte of the signature
    * @param b4 The fourth byte of the signature
    * @see #detectEncoding
    */
03440   boolean tryEncoding (byte sig[], byte b1, byte b2, byte b3, byte b4)
  {
    return (sig[0] == b1 && sig[1] == b2 && sig[2] == b3 && sig[3] == b4);
  }


  /**
    * Check for a two-byte signature.
    * <p>Looks for a UCS-2 byte-order mark.
    * <p>Utility routine for detectEncoding().
    * @param sig The first four bytes read.
    * @param b1 The first byte of the signature
    * @param b2 The second byte of the signature
    * @see #detectEncoding
    */
03455   boolean tryEncoding (byte sig[], byte b1, byte b2)
  {
    return ((sig[0] == b1) && (sig[1] == b2));
  }


  /**
    * This method pushes a string back onto input.
    * <p>It is useful either as the expansion of an internal entity, 
    * or for backtracking during the parse.
    * <p>Call pushCharArray() to do the actual work.
    * @param s The string to push back onto input.
    * @see #pushCharArray
    */
03469   void pushString (String ename, String s) 
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char ch[] = s.toCharArray();
    pushCharArray(ename, ch, 0, ch.length);
  }


  /**
    * Push a new internal input source.
    * <p>This method is useful for expanding an internal entity,
    * or for unreading a string of characters.  It creates a new
    * readBuffer containing the characters in the array, instead
    * of characters converted from an input byte stream.
    * <p>I've added a couple of optimisations: don't push zero-
    * length strings, and just push back a single character
    * for 1-character strings; this should save some time and memory.
    * @param ch The char array to push.
    * @see #pushString
    * @see #pushURL
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #sourceType
    * @see #pushInput
    */
03493   void pushCharArray (String ename, char ch[], int start, int length)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
                        // Push the existing status
    pushInput(ename);
    sourceType = INPUT_INTERNAL;
    readBuffer = ch;
    readBufferPos = start;
    readBufferLength = length;
    readBufferOverflow = -1;
  }


  /**
    * Save the current input source onto the stack.
    * <p>This method saves all of the global variables associated with
    * the current input source, so that they can be restored when a new
    * input source has finished.  It also tests for entity recursion.
    * <p>The method saves the following global variables onto a stack
    * using a fixed-length array:
    * <ol>
    * <li>sourceType
    * <li>externalEntity
    * <li>readBuffer
    * <li>readBufferPos
    * <li>readBufferLength
    * <li>line
    * <li>encoding
    * </ol>
    * @param ename The name of the entity (if any) causing the new input.
    * @see #popInput
    * @see #sourceType
    * @see #externalEntity
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #readBufferPos
    * @see #readBufferLength
    * @see #line
    * @see #encoding
    */
03532   void pushInput (String ename)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    Object input[] = new Object[12];

                        // Check for entity recursion.
    if (ename != null) {
      Enumeration entities = entityStack.elements();
      while (entities.hasMoreElements()) {
      String e = (String)entities.nextElement();
      if (e == ename) {
        error("recursive reference to entity", ename, null);
      }
      }
    }
    entityStack.push(ename);

                        // Don't bother if there is no input.
    if (sourceType == INPUT_NONE) {
      return;
    }

                        // Set up a snapshot of the current
                        // input source.
    input[0] = new Integer(sourceType);
    input[1] = externalEntity;
    input[2] = readBuffer;
    input[3] = new Integer(readBufferPos);
    input[4] = new Integer(readBufferLength);
    input[5] = new Integer(line);
    input[6] = new Integer(encoding);
    input[7] = new Integer(readBufferOverflow);
    input[8] = is;
    input[9] = new Integer(currentByteCount);
    input[10] = new Integer(column);
    input[11] = reader;

                        // Push it onto the stack.
    inputStack.push(input);
  }


  /**
    * Restore a previous input source.
    * <p>This method restores all of the global variables associated with
    * the current input source.
    * @exception java.io.EOFException
    *    If there are no more entries on the input stack.
    * @see #pushInput
    * @see #sourceType
    * @see #externalEntity
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #readBufferPos
    * @see #readBufferLength
    * @see #line
    * @see #encoding
    */
03589   void popInput ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    Object input[];


    switch (sourceType) {

    case INPUT_EXTERNAL:
      dataBufferFlush();
      if (handler != null && externalEntity != null) {
      handler.endExternalEntity(externalEntity.getURL().toString());
      }
      break;
    case INPUT_STREAM:
      dataBufferFlush();
      if (baseURI != null) {
      if (handler != null) {
        handler.endExternalEntity(baseURI);
      }
      }
      break;
    case INPUT_READER:
      dataBufferFlush();
      if (baseURI != null) {
      if (handler != null) {
        handler.endExternalEntity(baseURI);
      }
      }
      break;
    }

                        // Throw an EOFException if there
                        // is nothing else to pop.
    if (inputStack.isEmpty()) {
      throw new EOFException();
    } else {
      String s;
      input = (Object[])inputStack.pop();
      s = (String)entityStack.pop();
    }

    sourceType = ((Integer)input[0]).intValue();
    externalEntity = (URLConnection)input[1];
    readBuffer = (char[])input[2];
    readBufferPos = ((Integer)input[3]).intValue();
    readBufferLength = ((Integer)input[4]).intValue();
    line = ((Integer)input[5]).intValue();
    encoding = ((Integer)input[6]).intValue();
    readBufferOverflow = ((Integer)input[7]).intValue();
    is = (InputStream)input[8];
    currentByteCount = ((Integer)input[9]).intValue();
    column = ((Integer)input[10]).intValue();
    reader = (Reader)input[11];
  }


  /**
    * Return true if we can read the expected character.
    * <p>Note that the character will be removed from the input stream
    * on success, but will be put back on failure.  Do not attempt to
    * read the character again if the method succeeds.
    * @param delim The character that should appear next.  For a
    *              insensitive match, you must supply this in upper-case.
    * @return true if the character was successfully read, or false if
    *         it was not.
    * @see #tryRead(String)
    */
03657   boolean tryRead (char delim)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;

                        // Read the character
    c = readCh();

                        // Test for a match, and push the character
                        // back if the match fails.
    if (c == delim) {
      return true;
    } else {
      unread(c);
      return false;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Return true if we can read the expected string.
    * <p>This is simply a convenience method.
    * <p>Note that the string will be removed from the input stream
    * on success, but will be put back on failure.  Do not attempt to
    * read the string again if the method succeeds.
    * <p>This method will push back a character rather than an
    * array whenever possible (probably the majority of cases).
    * <p><b>NOTE:</b> This method currently has a hard-coded limit
    * of 100 characters for the delimiter.
    * @param delim The string that should appear next.
    * @return true if the string was successfully read, or false if
    *         it was not.
    * @see #tryRead(char)
    */
03691   boolean tryRead (String delim)
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    char ch[] = delim.toCharArray();
    char c;

    // Compare the input, character-
    // by character.
    
    for (int i = 0; i < ch.length; i++)
      {
      c=readCh();
      if (c!=ch[i])
        {
        unread(c);
        if (i!=0)
          {unread(ch,i);}
        return false;
        }
      }
    return true;
    }



  /**
    * Return true if we can read some whitespace.
    * <p>This is simply a convenience method.
    * <p>This method will push back a character rather than an
    * array whenever possible (probably the majority of cases).
    * @return true if whitespace was found.
    */
03723   boolean tryWhitespace ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    c = readCh();
    if (isWhitespace(c)) {
      skipWhitespace();
      return true;
    } else {
      unread(c);
      return false;
    }
  }


  /**
    * Read all data until we find the specified string.
    * <p>This is especially useful for scanning marked sections.
    * <p>This is a a little inefficient right now, since it calls tryRead()
    * for every character.
    * @param delim The string delimiter
    * @see #tryRead(String, boolean)
    * @see #readCh
    */
03747   void parseUntil (String delim)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    char c;
    int startLine = line;

    try {
      while (!tryRead(delim)) {
      c = readCh();
      dataBufferAppend(c);
      }
    } catch (EOFException e) {
      error("end of input while looking for delimiter (started on line " +
          startLine + ')', null, delim);
    }
  }


  /**
    * Skip all data until we find the specified string.
    * <p>This is especially useful for scanning comments.
    * <p>This is a a little inefficient right now, since it calls tryRead()
    * for every character.
    * @param delim The string delimiter
    * @see #tryRead(String, boolean)
    * @see #readCh
    */
03774   void skipUntil (String delim)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    while (!tryRead(delim)) {
      readCh();
    }
  }


  /**
    * Read just the encoding declaration (or XML declaration) at the 
    * start of an external entity.
    * When this method is called, we know that the declaration is
    * present (or appears to be).  We also know that the entity is
    * in some sort of ASCII-derived 8-bit encoding.
    * The idea of this is to let us read what the 8-bit encoding is
    * before we've committed to converting any more of the file; the
    * XML or encoding declaration must be in 7-bit ASCII, so we're
    * safe as long as we don't go past it.
    */
03794   void read8bitEncodingDeclaration ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int ch;
    readBufferPos = readBufferLength = 0;

    while (true) {
      ch = is.read();
      readBuffer[readBufferLength++] = (char)ch;
      switch (ch) {
      case (int)'>':
      return;
      case -1:
      error("end of file before end of XML or encoding declaration.",
            null, "?>");
      return;
      }
      if (readBuffer.length == readBufferLength) {
      error("unfinished XML or encoding declaration", null, null);
      }
    }
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Low-level I/O.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


  /**
    * Read a chunk of data from an external input source.
    * <p>This is simply a front-end that fills the rawReadBuffer
    * with bytes, then calls the appropriate encoding handler.
    * @see #encoding
    * @see #rawReadBuffer
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #filterCR
    * @see #copyUtf8ReadBuffer
    * @see #copyIso8859_1ReadBuffer
    * @see #copyUcs_2ReadBuffer
    * @see #copyUcs_4ReadBuffer
    */
03837   void readDataChunk ()
    throws java.lang.Exception
    {
    int count, i, j;

    // See if we have any overflow.
    if (readBufferOverflow > -1)
      {
      readBuffer[0] = (char)readBufferOverflow;
      readBufferOverflow = -1;
      readBufferPos = 1;
      sawCR = true;
      }
    else
      {
      readBufferPos = 0;
      sawCR = false;
      }

    // Special situation -- we're taking
    // input from a character stream.
    if (sourceType == INPUT_READER)
      {
      count = reader.read(readBuffer, readBufferPos, READ_BUFFER_MAX-1);
      if (count < 0)
        {readBufferLength = -1;}
      else
        {
        readBufferLength = readBufferPos+count;
        filterCR();
        sawCR = false;
        }
      return;
      }

    // Read as many bytes as possible
    // into the read buffer.
    count = is.read(rawReadBuffer, 0, READ_BUFFER_MAX);

    // Dispatch to an encoding-specific
    // reader method to populate the
    // readBuffer.
    switch (encoding)
      {
      case ENCODING_UTF_8:
      copyUtf8ReadBuffer(count);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_ISO_8859_1:
      copyIso8859_1ReadBuffer(count);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_2_12:
      copyUcs2ReadBuffer(count, 8, 0);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_2_21:
      copyUcs2ReadBuffer(count, 0, 8);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_4_1234:
      copyUcs4ReadBuffer(count, 24, 16, 8, 0);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_4_4321:
      copyUcs4ReadBuffer(count, 0, 8, 16, 24);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_4_2143:
      copyUcs4ReadBuffer(count, 16, 24, 0, 8);
      break;
      
      case ENCODING_UCS_4_3412:
      copyUcs4ReadBuffer(count, 8, 0, 24, 16);
      break;
      }

    // Filter out all carriage returns
    // if we've seen any.
    if (sawCR)
      {
      filterCR();
      sawCR = false;
      }
    
    // Reset the position.
    readBufferPos = 0;
    currentByteCount += count;
    }


  /**
    * Filter carriage returns in the read buffer.
    * <p>CRLF becomes LF; CR becomes LF.
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #readBufferOverflow
    */
03935   void filterCR ()
    {
    int i, j;
    
    readBufferOverflow = -1;
    
    loop: for (i = 0, j = 0; j < readBufferLength; i++, j++)
      {
      switch (readBuffer[j])
        {
        case '\r':
        if (j == readBufferLength - 1)
          {
          readBufferOverflow = '\r';
          readBufferLength--;
          break loop;
          }
        else if (readBuffer[j+1] == '\n')
          {j++;}
        readBuffer[i] = '\n';
        break;
        
        case '\n':
        default:
        readBuffer[i] = readBuffer[j];
        break;
        }
      }
    readBufferLength = i;
    }


  /**
    * Convert a buffer of UTF-8-encoded bytes into UTF-16 characters.
    * <p>When readDataChunk() calls this method, the raw bytes are in 
    * rawReadBuffer, and the final characters will appear in 
    * readBuffer.
    * <p>The tricky part of this is dealing with UTF-8 multi-byte 
    * sequences, but it doesn't seem to slow things down too much.
    * @param count The number of bytes to convert.
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #rawReadBuffer
    * @see #readBuffer
    * @see #getNextUtf8Byte
    */
03980   void copyUtf8ReadBuffer (int count)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int i = 0;
    int j = readBufferPos;
    int b1;
    boolean isSurrogate = false;
    while (i < count) {
      b1 = rawReadBuffer[i++];
      isSurrogate = false;

                        // Determine whether we are dealing
                        // with a one-, two-, three-, or four-
                        // byte sequence.
      if ((b1 & 0x80) == 0) {
      // 1-byte sequence: 000000000xxxxxxx = 0xxxxxxx
      readBuffer[j++] = (char)b1;
      } else if ((b1 & 0xe0) == 0xc0) {
      // 2-byte sequence: 00000yyyyyxxxxxx = 110yyyyy 10xxxxxx
      readBuffer[j++] =
        (char)(((b1 & 0x1f) << 6) |
             getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count));
      } else if ((b1 & 0xf0) == 0xe0) {
      // 3-byte sequence: zzzzyyyyyyxxxxxx = 1110zzzz 10yyyyyy 10xxxxxx
      readBuffer[j++] =
        (char)(((b1 & 0x0f) << 12) |
             (getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count) << 6) |
             getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count));
      } else if ((b1 & 0xf8) == 0xf0) {
      // 4-byte sequence: 11101110wwwwzzzzyy + 110111yyyyxxxxxx
      //     = 11110uuu 10uuzzzz 10yyyyyy 10xxxxxx
      // (uuuuu = wwww + 1)
      isSurrogate = true;
      int b2 = getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count);
      int b3 = getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count);
      int b4 = getNextUtf8Byte(i++, count);
      readBuffer[j++] =
        (char)(0xd800 |
             ((((b1 & 0x07) << 2) | ((b2 & 0x30) >> 4) - 1) << 6) |
             ((b2 & 0x0f) << 2) |
             ((b3 & 0x30) >> 4));
      readBuffer[j++] =
        (char)(0xdc |
             ((b3 & 0x0f) << 6) |
             b4);
                        // TODO: test that surrogate value is legal.
      } else {
      // Otherwise, the 8th bit may not be set in UTF-8
      encodingError("bad start for UTF-8 multi-byte sequence", b1, i);
      }
      if (readBuffer[j-1] == '\r') {
      sawCR = true;
      }
    }
                        // How many characters have we read?
    readBufferLength = j;
  }


  /**
    * Return the next byte value in a UTF-8 sequence.
    * If it is not possible to get a byte from the current
    * entity, throw an exception.
    * @param pos The current position in the rawReadBuffer.
    * @param count The number of bytes in the rawReadBuffer
    * @return The significant six bits of a non-initial byte in
    *         a UTF-8 sequence.
    * @exception EOFException If the sequence is incomplete.
    */
04049   int getNextUtf8Byte (int pos, int count)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int val;

                        // Take a character from the buffer
                        // or from the actual input stream.
    if (pos < count) {
      val = rawReadBuffer[pos];
    } else {
      val = is.read();
      if (val == -1) {
      encodingError("unfinished multi-byte UTF-8 sequence at EOF", -1, pos);
      }
    }

                        // Check for the correct bits at the
                        // start.
    if ((val & 0xc0) != 0x80) {
      encodingError("bad continuation of multi-byte UTF-8 sequence", val,
                pos + 1);
    }

                        // Return the significant bits.
    return (val & 0x3f);
  }


  /**
    * Convert a buffer of ISO-8859-1-encoded bytes into UTF-16 characters.
    * <p>When readDataChunk() calls this method, the raw bytes are in 
    * rawReadBuffer, and the final characters will appear in 
    * readBuffer.
    * <p>This is a direct conversion, with no tricks.
    * @param count The number of bytes to convert.
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #rawReadBuffer
    * @see #readBuffer
    */
04088   void copyIso8859_1ReadBuffer (int count)
  {
    int i, j;
    for (i = 0, j = readBufferPos; i < count; i++, j++) {
      readBuffer[j] = (char)(rawReadBuffer[i] & 0xff);
      if (readBuffer[j] == '\r') {
      sawCR = true;
      }
    }
    readBufferLength = j;
  }


  /**
    * Convert a buffer of UCS-2-encoded bytes into UTF-16 characters.
    * <p>When readDataChunk() calls this method, the raw bytes are in 
    * rawReadBuffer, and the final characters will appear in 
    * readBuffer.
    * @param count The number of bytes to convert.
    * @param shift1 The number of bits to shift byte 1.
    * @param shift2 The number of bits to shift byte 2
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #rawReadBuffer
    * @see #readBuffer
    */
04113   void copyUcs2ReadBuffer (int count, int shift1, int shift2)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int j = readBufferPos;

    if (count > 0 && (count % 2) != 0) {
      encodingError("odd number of bytes in UCS-2 encoding", -1, count);
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < count; i+=2) {
      readBuffer[j++] =
      (char)(((rawReadBuffer[i] & 0xff) << shift1) |
             ((rawReadBuffer[i+1] & 0xff) << shift2));
      if (readBuffer[j-1] == '\r') {
      sawCR = true;
      }
    }
    readBufferLength = j;
  }


  /**
    * Convert a buffer of UCS-4-encoded bytes into UTF-16 characters.
    * <p>When readDataChunk() calls this method, the raw bytes are in 
    * rawReadBuffer, and the final characters will appear in 
    * readBuffer.
    * <p>Java has 16-bit chars, but this routine will attempt to use
    * surrogates to encoding values between 0x00010000 and 0x000fffff.
    * @param count The number of bytes to convert.
    * @param shift1 The number of bits to shift byte 1.
    * @param shift2 The number of bits to shift byte 2
    * @param shift3 The number of bits to shift byte 2
    * @param shift4 The number of bits to shift byte 2
    * @see #readDataChunk
    * @see #rawReadBuffer
    * @see #readBuffer
    */
04149   void copyUcs4ReadBuffer (int count, int shift1, int shift2,
                     int shift3, int shift4)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    int j = readBufferPos;
    int value;

    if (count > 0 && (count % 4) != 0) {
      encodingError("number of bytes in UCS-4 encoding not divisible by 4",
                -1, count);
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < count; i+=4) {
      value = (((rawReadBuffer[i] & 0xff) << shift1) |
             ((rawReadBuffer[i+1] & 0xff) << shift2) |
             ((rawReadBuffer[i+2] & 0xff) << shift3) |
             ((rawReadBuffer[i+3] & 0xff) << shift4));
      if (value < 0x0000ffff) {
      readBuffer[j++] = (char)value;
      if (value == (int)'\r') {
        sawCR = true;
      }
      } else if (value < 0x000fffff) {
      readBuffer[j++] = (char)(0xd8 | ((value & 0x000ffc00) >> 10));
      readBuffer[j++] = (char)(0xdc | (value & 0x0003ff));
      } else {
      encodingError("value cannot be represented in UTF-16",
                  value, i);
      }
    }
    readBufferLength = j;
  }


  /**
    * Report a character encoding error.
    */
04185   void encodingError (String message, int value, int offset)
    throws java.lang.Exception
  {
    String uri;

    if (value >= 0) {
      message = message + " (byte value: 0x" +
      Integer.toHexString(value) + ')';
    }
    if (externalEntity != null) {
      uri = externalEntity.getURL().toString();
    } else {
      uri = baseURI;
    }
    handler.error(message, uri, -1, offset + currentByteCount);
  }



  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  // Local Variables.
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  /**
    * Re-initialize the variables for each parse.
    */
04211   void initializeVariables ()
  {
                        // No errors; first line
    errorCount = 0;
    line = 1;
    column = 0;

                        // Set up the buffers for data and names
    dataBufferPos = 0;
    dataBuffer = new char[DATA_BUFFER_INITIAL];
    nameBufferPos = 0;
    nameBuffer = new char[NAME_BUFFER_INITIAL];

                        // Set up the DTD hash tables
    elementInfo = new Hashtable();
    entityInfo = new Hashtable();
    notationInfo = new Hashtable();

                        // Set up the variables for the current
                        // element context.
    currentElement = null;
    currentElementContent = CONTENT_UNDECLARED;

                        // Set up the input variables
    sourceType = INPUT_NONE;
    inputStack = new Stack();
    entityStack = new Stack();
    externalEntity = null;
    tagAttributePos = 0;
    tagAttributes = new String[100];
    rawReadBuffer = new byte[READ_BUFFER_MAX];
    readBufferOverflow = -1;

    context = CONTEXT_NONE;

    symbolTable = new Object[SYMBOL_TABLE_LENGTH];
  }


  /**
    * Clean up after the parse to allow some garbage collection.
    * Leave around anything that might be useful for queries.
    */
04254   void cleanupVariables ()
  {
    errorCount = -1;
    line = -1;
    column = -1;
    dataBuffer = null;
    nameBuffer = null;
    currentElement = null;
    currentElementContent = CONTENT_UNDECLARED;
    sourceType = INPUT_NONE;
    inputStack = null;
    externalEntity = null;
    entityStack = null;
  }

  //
  // The current XML handler interface.
  //
  XmlHandler handler;

  //
  // I/O information.
  //
  private Reader reader;      // current reader
  private InputStream is;     // current input stream
  private int line;           // current line number
  private int column;         // current column number
  private int sourceType;     // type of input source
  private Stack inputStack;   // stack of input soruces
  private URLConnection externalEntity;   // current external entity
  private int encoding;       // current character encoding.
  private int currentByteCount;     // how many bytes read from current source.

  //
  // Maintain a count of errors.
  //
  private int errorCount;

  //
  // Buffers for decoded but unparsed character input.
  //
  private final static int READ_BUFFER_MAX = 16384;
  private char readBuffer[];
  private int readBufferPos;
  private int readBufferLength;
  private int readBufferOverflow; // overflow character from last data chunk.


  //
  // Buffer for undecoded raw byte input.
  //
  private byte rawReadBuffer[];


  //
  // Buffer for parsed character data.
  //
  private static int DATA_BUFFER_INITIAL = 4096;
  private char dataBuffer[];
  private int dataBufferPos;

  //
  // Buffer for parsed names.
  //
  private static int NAME_BUFFER_INITIAL = 1024;
  private char nameBuffer[];
  private int nameBufferPos;


  //
  // Hashtables for DTD information on elements, entities, and notations.
  //
  private Hashtable elementInfo;
  private Hashtable entityInfo;
  private Hashtable notationInfo;


  //
  // Element type currently in force.
  //
  private String currentElement;
  private int currentElementContent;

  //
  // Base external identifiers for resolution.
  //
  private String basePublicId;
  private String baseURI;
  private int baseEncoding;
  private Reader baseReader;
  private InputStream baseInputStream;
  private char baseInputBuffer[];
  private int baseInputBufferStart;
  private int baseInputBufferLength;

  //
  // Stack of entity names, to help detect recursion.
  //
  private Stack entityStack;

  //
  // Are we in a context where PEs are allowed?
  //
  private int context;

  //
  // Symbol table, for internalising names.
  //
  private Object symbolTable[];
  private final static int SYMBOL_TABLE_LENGTH = 1087;

  //
  // Hash table of attributes found in current start tag.
  //
  private String tagAttributes[];
  private int tagAttributePos;

  //
  // Utility flag: have we noticed a CR while reading the last
  // data chunk?  If so, we will have to go back and normalise
  // CR/LF.
  //
  private boolean sawCR;
}

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